Leadership comes in many forms and styles. Spirituality is one form of leadership. It includes participation, charisma, and competence. Learn more about these forms of leadership. Then, apply them to your own group. It is possible to develop a leadership style that fits you best.nSpirituality in leadershipnSpirituality is an essential principle and life-affirming force within us all. It involves being in intimate relationship with our inner selves and recognising the inner nature of others. Unfortunately, many of us find it difficult to cultivate this spirituality in the work place. Though we may look to our family, coworkers, and religious org as sources of inspiration, we often experience a lack of connection in other settings.nSpiritual leaders empower communities to be brave, resilient, and strong. They also chart a course toward balance and harmony in complex issues. They make a positive impact on their communities. And in the process, they build a stronger community and a more prosperous world.nResearch shows that spiritual leaders are more likely to engage followers with a sense of purpose and belonging. These followers also respond better to a spiritual leader’s altruistic love. The study also found that the leader’s altruistic love affects the followers’ commitment, productivity, and life satisfaction. Spiritual leadership is vital for an organization’s viability and competitive edge. There has been a significant body of literature on this topic over the past two decades that attests to the benefits of this approach in the workplace.nIn addition to spirituality, many studies have shown that servant leadership is essential to organizational success. However, few studies have examined the relationship between spirituality and work engagement in faith-based organizations. Despite this, studies on the effect of spirituality on work engagement are crucial to ensure the long-term sustainability and viability of faith-based organizations. It is also essential to understand the impact of authenticity on work engagement.nEvaluating spirituality is a key component of the leadership development process. As such, Widodo & Suryosukmono (2021) suggest that spiritual leaders should be evaluated as part of the performance appraisal process, and that metrics should be established by the organization. However, it is important to keep in mind that formalizing spirituality may have negative effects on the motivation of the leader and the authenticity of the leader.nCharismatic leadershipnCharismatic leadership is a style of leadership that motivates and inspires others to work toward the same goals. These leaders are often charismatic and possess a compelling personality, which motivates others to follow them. They are effective communicators and often have a strong vision of how to improve their organizations.nCharismatic leadership has its roots in psychology and sociology. Max Weber defined it as “a leader’s ability to motivate his or her followers through an affable personality”. According to him, charismatic leaders exhibited certain psychological and social characteristics. They also displayed a high level of self-confidence, which in turn encouraged and inspired their followers. Some famous examples of charismatic leaders include civil rights activist Martin Luther King, Apple founder Steve Jobs, and President Barack Obama.nPeople who follow charismatic leaders become addicted to their leader’s charisma. Their followers tend to follow their charisma, ignoring rational thought and submitting to their leader’s ideas without questioning them. They also tend to become “addicted” to the leader’s approval, which can distract them from their goals. This “reciprocal dependence” between charismatic leaders and followers can distort reality and lead to irrational behavior.nCharismatic leaders are effective when an organizational turnaround is necessary and followers are motivated to work towards a common goal. The charismatic leader inspires followers to work for the organization and achieves organizational goals through them. In addition, charismatic leaders are often found in organizations that follow a follower-centered model. In this style, employees are treated as the most valuable asset of the organization. Moreover, followers are involved in organizational decisions, which can have a significant impact on organizational success.nParticipative leadershipnParticipative leadership focuses on bringing together the ideas of the people in an organization. This style of leadership is much different than the traditional leadership we are used to. It requires the leader to be aware of the needs and feelings of everyone involved and make them a part of the process. Developing empathy for the people in an organization promotes collaboration and understanding.nIf an employee has the opportunity to participate in decision-making, it will improve their engagement and satisfaction at work. Moreover, they will be more likely to stay with a company. This will lead to increased employee retention and reduce turnover costs. Participative leadership can also enhance the overall morale of the organization.nParticipative leadership involves group facilitators who inform and include all of the group’s members in the decision-making process. They then collect feedback from them and make decisions based on their input. This type of leadership takes a long time and requires patience.nParticipative leadership has many advantages for both the leader and their subordinates. A democratic leadership style encourages collaboration and trust, but it’s not appropriate in every organization. For example, an organization requiring a high level of productivity may not be a good candidate for a participative leadership style. If the expectations of the executive, board members, and investors are centered on efficiency, a participative leadership style may not be the best fit.nCompetent leadershipnEffective leaders know when to draw upon the power of other members of a group. In some situations, this means delegating to others who might have more experience with a particular situation. When this happens, the group will be more successful, and the leader will have more time to focus on other issues.nServant leadershipnServant leadership is a style of leadership that focuses on others and encourages others to reach their full potential. This style of leadership requires a great deal of empathy and compassion and demonstrates that leaders should put others before themselves. Servant leaders value different opinions and seek input from everyone they work with.nServant leadership is a powerful force for transformation. It heals relationships and broken spirits, and is a powerful model for change. As Greenleaf explains in his essay, “Servant leadership seeks to make people whole.” It also emphasizes relationships.nServant leadership relies on persuasion to achieve results. These leaders are not interested in coercive control, but seek to create consensus among their followers. This type of leadership encourages individuals to identify with the group, which enhances engagement.nResearch on servant leadership is examining the mediating and moderating mechanisms of servant leadership. The research findings suggest that servant leaders are effective at changing employee behavior. This style of leadership also improves employee morale by fostering emotional attachment to the group. In turn, servant leaders are more likely to motivate followers to behave in ways that benefit the organization, while helping to minimize employee burnout.nServant leadership is an important concept that has a wide range of applications. It is an excellent model of leadership that can be applied outside the corporate setting. Its widespread use in different contexts has attracted the attention of non-profit organizations and secular businesses.nServant leadership emphasizes the need to understand others and empower them to reach their full potential. These leaders do not judge others based on their past experiences. They assume the best intentions of people. Servant leaders also seek to understand the inner feelings of others and listen to them.